Lower Stream: Weaver Walk
Corylus avellana ‘Contorta’/ Harry Lauder’s Walkingstick
Winter interest has become this plant’s main purpose in a landscape. Its curly, corkscrew shaped branches can only be appreciated once the papery leaves have shed. The sessile-shaped catkins are somewhat showy, also providing something to admire during these cold months. The species is native to southern Italy, though the cultivar, ‘Contorta’, was first found as a sport in an English garden during the mid-1800’s. A few years later, the popular common name “Harry Lauder’s Walking Stick” was attributed to the plant in honor of the Scottish vaudevillian actor, Harry Lauder. In addition to the specimen located at the lower stream, there is a younger one growing in the Sigourney Cheek Literary Garden.
If you are growing this variety of Corylus in your garden, be aware that if the removal of suckers is ignored, the plant may eventually revert to the rootstock’s non-contorted form.
Turner Seasons Garden
Cupressus macrocarpa ‘Wilma’/ Monterey Cypress
Brightening the Turner Seasons Garden with its happy chartreuse, our young specimens of C. macrocarpa are originally native to the Monterey peninsula of California. When provided with full sun Monterey Cypress will tell its best color story. Compact and narrow in habit, it can reach a maximum height of 12 feet if growing conditions are favorable, though the average height in a span of 10 years is approximately 5 feet. The fragrance of the foliage is lemony and refreshing. It thrives when grown in warmer climates and can also be a success as a houseplant.
Carrell Dogwood Garden
Cornus officinalis / Corneliancherry Dogwood
Native to China, Japan, and Korea, it is a shrub by habit, though our collection of Cornus officinalis looks more like small trees at this point. Donated to Cheekwood by the Mr. and Mrs. Monroe Carell (the garden’s namesake) in 1985, these five specimens line the dogwood walk upon the slight slope along Parking Lot B. Like Cornus mas in many ways, including bloom season and the yellow color, it does flower one week earlier, and has a more open branching habit. Corneliancherry’s bark is brown with gray tones. The flowers occur on bare branches, a unique and hopeful sight when the air still feels frigid.
Historic Boxwood Garden: Grotto
Tsuga canadensis ‘Jedelloah’ / Canadian Weeping Hemlock
Thought by many to be one of the most beautiful conifers, the pendulous pyramidal form Tsuga canadensis takes on with maturity is stunning. Used commonly as a specimen (this specimen near the reflection pool has been with us for 19 years), but Canadian hemlock also makes for a beautiful and graceful hedge. Called “Canadian” hemlock, though it is native from Nova Scotia to Minnesota and can be found along the mountains south to Alabama and Georgia. It performs well on slopes and tolerates full sun only in cooler regions. It requires protection from the sun in hot and humid climates. ‘Jedelloah’ will reach an ultimate height of 15 feet tall and width of 20 feet. Small, tan cones will appear on established trees.
Robinson Family Water Garden
Jasminum nudiflorum / Winter Jasmine
Winter Jasmine is a common selection for banks and an excellent plant choice for walls where the branches have the opportunity to cascade. From China, and introduced to North America in the mid 1800’s, the foliage is glossy and dark green throughout the summer. The bright yellow, tubular flowers are non-fragrant (unlike those of Jasmine officinale) and open over a long period of time on naked stems, from January to March, peaking in February. Favoring full-sun to part shade, J. nudiflorum tolerates a considerable amount of shade as well as poor soil conditions. Naturally possessing a mounding shrub-like habit, winter jasmine can also be trained to grow as a vine.
Herb Study Garden
Asarum splendens / Chinese Wild Ginger
An evergreen groundcover (semi-evergreen in colder climates), with dark green and silver-mottled, heart-shaped leaves, Asarum splendens should not be confused with its North American medicinal cousin, A. canadense (snakeroot). A nice collection of Chinese wild ginger, with the signature metallic markings, is growing in the shade bed above the herb garden’s tool shed. It appreciates slightly acidic soil and constant moisture with good drainage. It can also tolerate heavy shade. Pollinated by ground-hugging insects, the urn-shaped flowers borne underneath the foliage have been coined “little brown jugs”. They are like a well-kept secret and are especially fun to share with young nature enthusiasts.
Bradford Robertson Color Garden
Lagerstroemia indica x fauriei ‘Muskogee’ / Crapemyrtle
Though ubiquitous to the South, one may not realize that crapemrytle is actually a non-native. Upon its introduction to the United States in the late 16th century, it fit right in with all things Southern. With its high tolerance to heat, humidity, and drought as well as its ability to withstand a range of soil conditions, Lagerstroemia was gracing Southern courtyards in no time.
Known as a “tree-type” crapemyrtle, ‘Muskogee’ is just one of many beautifully successful breeding results of the highly regarded Dr. Don Egolf, late plant scientist and horticulturist for the Unites States National Arboretum, who crossed the Japanese crapemyrtle (fauriei) with, the Indian species (indica). It is from the Japanese species, that the results of these crossed inherited mildew resistance. Dr. Egolf focused on superior selections of several woody plants including viburnum, redbud, and hibiscus. ‘Muskogee’ features prolific, light lavender flowers from July until September. The fall foliage color is a remarkable red. The bark, exfoliating to expose silver and tan shapes, provides the Color Garden with a rich and solid backdrop during all seasons, as the allèe display, past the arches on the path toward the Japanese Garden, can attest.
Buxus ‘Dee Runk’ / Boxwood
Arguably, one of the best boxwood selections to use as a landscape accent. With its upright, narrow-pyramidal form, it can easily be pruned (in late winter, preferably) into a conical shape. ‘Dee Runk’ can possibly reach an ultimate height of 8 feet tall, has dark green foliage, and a considerably high tolerance to boxwood blight and other disease. The specimen at the Howe Garden’s tool shed entrance is truly outstanding. It appreciates a bit of shade, but it will perform fine without it. Good drainage is a plus and if limestone soil is available, then you have the perfect soil conditions for any boxwood. Blooms occur in May, and are fragrant, though perhaps not preferable to the nose. Native to southern Europe, Africa, and Asia, we have long associated boxwood (named so because of its exceptionally tough wood that lends itself to good carving) with formal gardens. The Cheeks were sure to use this tradition in their own landscaping and many of the original boxwoods remain on the property surrounding the Cheek mansion.
Pontederia cordata / Pickerel Weed
Pickerel weed is native to eastern North America and the Caribbean. It has soft blue blooms, resembling hyacinth, punctuated with yellow spots on each petal. A freshwater-aquatic plant, it will thrive in your rain garden or backyard pond, and, much like horsetail plant (Equisetum), it can spread rapidly. With its dense root system, it does an amazing job of controlling erosion by keeping sediment it place. Grow in containers, either out of water or in, if spread is a concern.
The leaves of Pontederiaare shaped like arrowheads and, when young, can be used in salads. Its seeds are also edible, and tastes best when roasted, though waterfowl will eat them raw. Butterflies are big fans of this perennial; dragonflies and damselflies commonly lay their eggs on plant stems near the water’s surface. Fish, reptiles, and other water creatures seek shelter in the clumps of these plants. It is often seen in the same habitats as the pickerel fish, hence the common name.
We’re getting ready for spring, but don’t miss these featured winter plants! The Cheekwood garden team has hand selected their top plant picks for February from 8 of our distinct gardens. Use this as your guide as you explore the grounds.
Robinson Family Water Garden
Hydrangea paniculata ‘Tardiva’ / Panicle Hydrangea
One of the most winter hardy of all hydrangeas, ‘Tardiva’ is very similar to ‘Floribunda’, although the sepals surrounding the base of the blooms are mostly in sets of four and not five. The panicles of showy white flowers become tinged with rose and lavender coloration as they age. The leaves of panicle hydrangeas are handsomely ovate and dark green. There is excellent cut and dried flower potential with this shrub which will grow up to 10 feet tall if conditions are right. Use in a mass hedge or back border for the grandest effect. If larger flowers are desired, prune shrub to 5-10 primary shoots in late winter or early spring. H. paniculatais native to China and Japan.Wills Perennial Garden
Cortaderia selloana‘Pumila’ (Ivory Feathers®) / Pampas Grass
A dwarf form of pampas grass with creamy white flowers, the plumes of ‘Pumila’ reach about 3-4’ above the evergreen foliage. The panicles of flowers first appear in August and they remain not only intact, but very attractive throughout much of the winter. This dwarf form is perfect for small spaces and, of all available cultivars, this is one of the most floriferous. This tough ornamental grass is easy to grow and maintain.